The gorilla is a large primate found in the forests of central and eastern Africa. They are divided into two species: the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla, and further divided into two or four subspecies. Eastern gorillas are larger and stronger than western gorillas and can weigh up to 440 pounds. They are known for their distinctive black fur, and their broad chests and shoulders. Gorillas are herbivores and their diet mainly consists of leaves, stems, fruit, and bamboo.
Gorillas are known for their intelligence and complex social behaviors. They live in groups called troops, led by a dominant male known as a silverback. The silverback is responsible for the protection of the group and for making important decisions for the troop. Gorillas communicate with each other through a variety of vocalizations, such as grunts, roars, and barks.
Gorillas are facing serious threats from habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Both species of gorillas are listed as critically endangered by IUCN, with their population decreasing due to human activities. Conservation efforts are underway to try to protect the remaining population and increase their numbers.